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Sickle Cell Disease: All you Need to Know


Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited group of blood disorder which is genetic in nature. It is usually transferred from parents to the child during birth i.e. both the parents can be carriers of SCD. Healthy RBCs are round in shape, which moves through small blood vessels and carries oxygen to all parts of the body. In someone who has SCD, the RBC becomes sticky and hard and starts to look like C- shaped similar to that of a farm tool ‘sickle’.

The sickle cells die early, which causes a constant shortage of RBC, which leads to low oxygen carriers in the body, mentioned Dr Rahul Bhargava, director and head, haematology and bone marrow transplant, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram.

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