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patient education

Sickle Cell Disease and Sexuality

key information

source: St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital


Several diseases can be spread when people have sex. They are called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These diseases are common in teenagers and young adults. Some teens today are having sex at an early age. They may even have more than one sex partner, and they are not always using protection. For these reasons, STDs are a growing problem in people under the age of 25.

Teens and young adults with sickle cell disease can make and have babies. If you choose to have sex and you do not want to have children, you must use birth control. Both males and females need to think about birth control. The only form of birth control that will prevent both pregnancy and STDs is a condom with a spermicide. A condom looks like a long balloon that is placed over a man’s penis. Spermicide is a foam, cream, or jelly, which contains chemicals that kill sperm.

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