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scientific articles

Nonmyeloablative Matched Sibling Donor Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Children and Adolescents With Sickle Cell Disease

key information

source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation

year: 2019

authors: Guilcher GMT, Monagel DA, Nettel-Aguirre A, Truong TH, Desai SJ, Bruce A, Shah RM, Leaker MT, Lewis VA

summary/abstract:

Sickle cell disease is a potentially debilitating hemoglobinopathy associated with early mortality. The only established curative therapy is hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with a matched sibling donor. The National Institutes of Health nonmyeloablative regimen of alemtuzumab/300 cGy total body irradiation and prolonged sirolimus exposure for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was administered to 16 children and adolescents. Infused products were unmanipulated granulocyte colony stimulating factor mobilized peripheral blood stem cells. All patients achieved mixed donor-recipient engraftment with no cases of secondary graft failure to date. Two patients have donor myeloid chimerism in the range of 30% to 40%. No sickling crises post-HCT have been observed. Event-free and overall survival rates are 100% with median follow-up of 19.5 months. No cases of GVHD have been observed. Sirolimus weaning was possible in all but one eligible patient to date. Ongoing follow-up and a larger prospective clinical trial are required to determine the long-term safety and efficacy of this regimen in children.

organization: University of Calgary, Canada; University of Alberta, Canada

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.02.011

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