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scientific articles

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Assessment of Kidney Oxygenation and Perfusion During Sickle Cell Vaso-occlusive Crises

key information

source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases

year: 2017

authors: Deux JF, Audard V, Brugières P, Habibi A, Manea EM, Guillaud-Danis C, Godeau B, Galactéros F, Stehlé T, Lang P, Grimbert P, Audureau E, Rahmouni A, Bartolucci P


Our understanding of the pathophysiologic processes underlying sickle cell nephropathy remains incomplete. We performed a pilot study to investigate the potential value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of kidney oxygenation and detection of potential changes to tissue perfusion and cellular integrity during a vaso-occlusive crisis.

A case-control study.

10 homozygous patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), without kidney disease (based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria), underwent renal MRI during a vaso-occlusive crisis episode. The imaging data obtained were compared with those for a second MRI performed at steady state (median, 56 [IQR, 37-72] days after the vaso-occlusive crisis MRI). The control group consisted of 10 apparently healthy individuals.

Deoxyhemoglobin level assessed by R2* value was calculated using the blood oxygen level-dependent technique. The intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging technique was used to calculate D, D*, and F parameters.

Median medullary R2* values on steady-state MRI were significantly higher for patients with SCD than for controls (P=0.01) and did not change significantly during the vaso-occlusive crisis. No significant differences in median cortical R2* values were observed. Both cellular integrity (D) and local perfusion (D* and F) were significantly altered in medullary and cortical areas during vaso-occlusive crises in comparison to steady state in patients with SCD. These parameters did not differ significantly between patients with SCD assessed at steady state and the control group.

Small sample size, estimation of glomerular filtration rate according to CKD-EPI creatinine equation without adjustment for race.

Deoxyhemoglobin levels in the medullary area are higher in patients with SCD, during vaso-occlusive crises and at steady state, than in controls. Alterations to the tissue perfusion and cellular integrity of renal parenchyma are a common finding during vaso-occlusive crises that provide additional evidence that a vaso-occlusive crisis may be associated with subclinical kidney injury detectable on MRI.

organization: Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Créteil; Groupe Hospitalier Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier, Créteil; Université Paris-Est-Créteil; Centre de référence maladie rare Syndrome Néphrotique Idiopathique, Créteil

DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2016.07.027

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