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scientific articles

The first South American case of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis to select compatible embryo for cord blood transplantation as treatment for sickle cell anemia

key information

source: JBRA Assisted Reproduction

year: 2018

authors: Martinhago CD, Endo KR, Oliveira MA, Dias AM, Pereira GS, Azzolini AM, Estrada PR, Bruzaca CG, Martinhago ACN

summary/abstract:

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited systemic hemoglobinopathy that affects hemoglobin production in red blood cells, leading to early morbidity and mortality. It is caused by a homozygous nucleotide substitution (c.20A>T) in the β-globin gene (HBB) that changes a glutamic acid to a valine in the protein.

We present a case report of a fertile couple, both carriers of the sickle cell anemia mutation, with one affected daughter. Six cycles of assisted reproductive techniques were performed, resulting in 53 embryos in cleavage stage. Each embryo was biopsied and analyzed for pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) by fluorescent polymerase chain reaction, using polymorphic markers of the region of interest followed by capillary electrophoresis in an automated genetic analyzer.

HLA Compatible and normal embryos for the mutation represented 3 (5.66%); while the carriers and compatible 6 (11.32%); therefore, embryos matching those of the affected daughter represented 9 (16.98%). A selected embryo in blastocyst stage was transferred, resulting in a healthy male newborn, who had the umbilical cord blood cells collected and stored.

The affected daughter was immunosuppressed and received transplanted cells from the umbilical cord blood of her brother; the treatment was successful. Embryo selection using PGD technologies represent the most effective treatment plan for parents who want to have a healthy child, and it could cure another child already affected by inherited hemoglobinopathy.

 

organization: Chromosome Medicina Genômica, South America

DOI: 10.5935/1518-0557.20180017

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