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scientific articles

The Association of Clinician Characteristics with their Attitudes Toward Patients with Sickle Cell Disease: Secondary Analyses of a Randomized Controlled Trial

key information

source: Journal of the National Medical Association

year: 2015

authors: Haywood C Jr, Lanzkron S, Hughes M, Brown R, Saha S, Beach MC

summary/abstract:

BACKGROUND:
A high level of evidence exists to suggest that negative attitudes held by clinicians toward persons with sickle cell disease serve as important barriers to the delivery of high quality care to this patient population. Little is known, though, about the characteristics of clinicians that may be predictive of these negative attitudes.

METHODS:
During spring and summer 2009, we conducted a randomized controlled trial to test an intervention to improve clinician attitudes toward persons with sickle cell disease. Participating clinicians completed questionnaires regarding their demographic characteristics and their attitudes toward sickle cell patients. Principal clinician characteristics of interest included their race, professional discipline (nurse/physician), and the amount of their recent exposure to sickle cell patients in pain. Secondary analyses from this trial are presented here.

MAIN FINDINGS:
Asian clinicians reported more negative attitudes towards these patients than did Black or White clinicians, nurses reported more negative attitudes than physicians, and clinicians with the greatest levels of recent exposure to sickle cell patients in pain reported more negative attitudes than did clinicians with lower levels of recent exposure.

CONCLUSIONS:
Our findings could facilitate the development of tailored educational resources needed to improve the quality of care delivered to persons with sickle cell disease, a national priority for sickle cell efforts.

organization: The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine; The Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics; Oregon Health and Science University

DOI: 10.1016/S0027-9684(15)30029-8

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