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scientific articles

A randomized controlled pilot study feasibility of a tablet-based guided audio-visual relaxation intervention for reducing stress and pain in adults with sickle cell disease

key information

source: Journal of advanced nursing

year: 2016

authors: Ezenwa MO, Yao Y, Engeland CG, Molokie RE, Wang ZJ, Suarez ML, Wilkie DJ

summary/abstract:

AIM:
To test feasibility of a guided audio-visual relaxation intervention protocol for reducing stress and pain in adults with sickle cell disease.
BACKGROUND:
Sickle cell pain is inadequately controlled using opioids, necessitating further intervention such as guided relaxation to reduce stress and pain.
DESIGN:
Attention-control, randomized clinical feasibility pilot study with repeated measures.
METHODS:
Randomized to guided relaxation or control groups, all patients recruited between 2013-2014 during clinical visits, completed stress and pain measures via a Galaxy Internet-enabled Android tablet at the Baseline visit (pre/post intervention), 2-week posttest visit and also daily at home between the two visits. Experimental group patients were asked to use a guided relaxation intervention at the Baseline visit and at least once daily for 2 weeks. Control group patients engaged in a recorded sickle cell discussion at the Baseline visit. Data were analysed using linear regression with bootstrapping.
RESULTS:
At baseline, 27/28 of consented patients completed the study protocol. Group comparison showed that guided relaxation significantly reduced current stress and pain. At the 2-week posttest, 24/27 of patients completed the study, all of whom reported liking the study. Patients completed tablet-based measures on 71% of study days (69% in control group, 72% in experiment group). At the 2-week posttest, the experimental group had significantly lower composite pain index scores, but the two groups did not differ significantly on stress intensity.
CONCLUSION:
This study protocol appears feasible. The tablet-based guided relaxation intervention shows promise for reducing sickle cell pain and warrants a larger efficacy trial.

organization: University of Illinois at Chicago; Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center; The Pennsylvania State University; Jesse Brown VA Medical Center, Chicago

DOI: 10.1111/jan.12895

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