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scientific articles

The role of nutrition in the pathophysiology and management of sickle cell disease among children: A review of literature

key information

source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

year: 2017

authors: Ohemeng A, Boadu I

summary/abstract:

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the common inherited blood disorders in humans and has been associated with decreased dietary intake which results in poor nutritional status and impaired growth. Nutrition is one of the most important but often forgotten aspect of care of patients with chronic disorders and there have been emerging concern in literature on increased nutritional needs of SCD patients. This paper sought to review the available literature on the roles of individual nutrients in the pathophysiology and management of SCD among children.

Children with SCD have been shown to exhibit suboptimal status with respect to both macronutrients and micronutrients. Thus, nutrition could play an important role in the management of SCD. However, there is paucity of evidence coming from trials with large sample sizes to support the suggestion that supplementation with various nutrients that have been considered in this review will be helpful.

organization: Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana

DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2017.1319794

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