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scientific articles

Birth Weights in Sickle Cell Disease Pregnancies: A Cohort Study

key information

source: PLOS ONE

year: 2016

authors: Meeks D, Robinson SE, Macleod D, Oteng-Ntim E

summary/abstract:

Pregnancy in women with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) has been linked with an increased incidence of adverse foetal outcomes when compared to women without haemoglobinopathies (HbAA). There’s a paucity of data into foetal outcomes for infants born to women with SCD. Customised growth charts have been demonstrated to be better than population-based growth charts at identifying unhealthy small babies. We analysed the mean birth weight and customised birth weight centiles of infants born to mothers with SCD versus mothers with HbAA genotype, to quantify the risk of having a smaller baby. Birth weight and birth weight centiles were analysed for 88 women with SCD (50 HbSS; 38 HbSC) and 176 controls (HbAA). Statistically significant differences were seen in the mean birth weight (P value = 0.004) and the mean birth weight centiles (P value = 0.016). We conclude that SCD is a risk factor for having a smaller baby.

organization: King's College London School of Medicine; Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton; Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; St. Thomas' Hospital, London

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165238

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