Randomized trial of hypnosis as a pain and symptom management strategy in adults with sickle cell disease | oneSCDvoice
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scientific articles

Randomized trial of hypnosis as a pain and symptom management strategy in adults with sickle cell disease

key information

source: Integrative Medicine Insights

year: 2014

authors: Wallen GR, Middleton KR, Ames N, Brooks AT, Handel D

summary/abstract:

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic disease in African-Americans, characterized by recurrent painful vaso-occlusive crises. Medical therapies for controlling or preventing crises are limited because of efficacy and/or toxicity. This is a randomized, controlled, single-crossover protocol of hypnosis for managing pain in SCD patients. Participants receive hypnosis from a trained hypnosis therapist followed by six weeks of self-hypnosis using digital media. Those in the control arm receive SCD education followed by a six-week waiting period before crossing over to the hypnosis arm of the study. Outcome measures include assessments of pain (frequency, intensity and quality), anxiety, coping strategies, sleep, depression, and health care utilization. To date, there are no published randomized, controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of hypnosis on SCD pain modulation in adults. Self-hypnosis for pain management may be helpful in modulating chronic pain, improving sleep quality, and decreasing use of narcotics in patients with SCD.

organisation: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda; Denver Health Medical Center

DOI: 10.4137/IMI.S18355

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