Markers of severe vaso-occlusive painful episode frequency in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia | oneSCDvoice
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scientific articles

Markers of severe vaso-occlusive painful episode frequency in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia

key information

source: The Journal of Pediatrics

year: 2012

authors: Darbari DS, Onyekwere O, Nouraie M, Minniti CP, Luchtman-Jones L, Rana S, Sable C, Ensing G, Dham N, Campbell A, Arteta M, Gladwin MT, Castro O, Taylor JG 6th, Kato GJ, Gordeuk V

summary/abstract:

OBJECTIVE:
To identify factors associated with frequent severe vaso-occlusive pain crises in a contemporary pediatric cohort of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) enrolled in a prospective study of pulmonary hypertension and the hypoxic response in sickle cell disease.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical and laboratory characteristics of children with SCA who had ≥3 severe pain crises requiring health care in the preceding year were compared with those of subjects with RESULTS:
Seventy-five children (20%) reported ≥3 severe pain episodes in the preceding year, and 232 (61%) had none. Frequent pain episodes were associated with older age (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3; P < .0001), α-thalassemia trait (OR 3.5; 1.6-6.7; P = .002), higher median hemoglobin (OR 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2-2.4; P < .003), and lower lactate dehydrogenase concentration (OR 1.82; 95% CI: 1.07-3.11; P = .027). Children with high pain frequency also had an increased iron burden (serum ferritin, 480 vs 198 μg/L; P = .006) and higher median tricuspid regurgitation jet velocity (2.41 vs 2.31 m/s; P = .001). Neither hydroxyurea use nor fetal hemoglobin levels were significantly different according to severe pain history.
CONCLUSIONS:
In our cohort of children with SCA, increasing age was associated with higher frequency of severe pain episodes as were α-thalassemia, iron overload, higher hemoglobin and lower lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and higher tricuspid regurgitation velocity.

organisation: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.07.018

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