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scientific articles

Markers of severe vaso-occlusive painful episode frequency in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia

key information

source: The Journal of Pediatrics

year: 2012

authors: Darbari DS, Onyekwere O, Nouraie M, Minniti CP, Luchtman-Jones L, Rana S, Sable C, Ensing G, Dham N, Campbell A, Arteta M, Gladwin MT, Castro O, Taylor JG 6th, Kato GJ, Gordeuk V


To identify factors associated with frequent severe vaso-occlusive pain crises in a contemporary pediatric cohort of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) enrolled in a prospective study of pulmonary hypertension and the hypoxic response in sickle cell disease.
Clinical and laboratory characteristics of children with SCA who had ≥3 severe pain crises requiring health care in the preceding year were compared with those of subjects with RESULTS:
Seventy-five children (20%) reported ≥3 severe pain episodes in the preceding year, and 232 (61%) had none. Frequent pain episodes were associated with older age (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3; P < .0001), α-thalassemia trait (OR 3.5; 1.6-6.7; P = .002), higher median hemoglobin (OR 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2-2.4; P < .003), and lower lactate dehydrogenase concentration (OR 1.82; 95% CI: 1.07-3.11; P = .027). Children with high pain frequency also had an increased iron burden (serum ferritin, 480 vs 198 μg/L; P = .006) and higher median tricuspid regurgitation jet velocity (2.41 vs 2.31 m/s; P = .001). Neither hydroxyurea use nor fetal hemoglobin levels were significantly different according to severe pain history.
In our cohort of children with SCA, increasing age was associated with higher frequency of severe pain episodes as were α-thalassemia, iron overload, higher hemoglobin and lower lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and higher tricuspid regurgitation velocity.

organization: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.07.018

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