Ferritin and LIC: predicting liver injury in children with sickle cell | oneSCDvoice
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scientific articles

Ferritin and LIC: predicting liver injury in children with sickle cell

key information

source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

year: 2014

authors: Smith E, Lebensburger J, Hilliard L, Kelly D, Fineberg N, Bai S, Howard T

summary/abstract:

OBJECTIVE:
Chronic blood transfusion therapy reduces clinical events in children with sickle cell anemia but increases risk for an iron-related liver injury. Liver biopsy is the gold standard technique for quantifying liver iron content (LIC) and evaluating liver pathology. Ferritin, liver enzymes, and R2* magnetic resonance imaging of the liver are obtained as surrogate markers. In this study we compared surrogate markers with the gold standard, liver biopsy, in assessing liver histology.
METHODS:
We conducted a retrospective review of 259 liver biopsies in 109 children with sickle cell anemia on chronic transfusion therapy and chelation therapy during a 9-year period at a single center. Liver pathology was compared with LIC, ferritin, and alanine aminotransferase.
RESULTS:
Ferritin correlates with LIC (r = 0.74, P < 0.001), although there is a broad range of ferritin values for a given LIC. Furthermore, patients with a high LIC (≥7 mg Fe/g dry weight) demonstrated significantly higher ferritin as compared to the patients with lower LIC CONCLUSIONS:
The results suggest that although correlations exist among ferritin and LIC and severe fibrosis and LIC, caution should be taken when they are used in isolation. Liver biopsy provides important pathologic information that cannot be obtained through surrogate markers.

organisation: University of Alabama at Birmingham; NYU Langone Medical Center, New York

DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000235

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