Effect of chronic red cell transfusion therapy on vasculopathies and silent infarcts in patients with sickle cell disease | oneSCDvoice
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scientific articles

Effect of chronic red cell transfusion therapy on vasculopathies and silent infarcts in patients with sickle cell disease

key information

source: American Journal of Hematology

year: 2011

authors: Gyang E, Yeom K, Hoppe C, Partap S, Jeng M

summary/abstract:

Regular, chronic red cell transfusions (CTX) have been shown to be effective prophylaxis against stroke in sickle cell disease (SCD) in those at risk. Because serial brain imaging is not routinely performed, little is known about the impact of CTX on silent infarcts (SI) and cerebral vascular pathology. Thus, we retrospectively evaluated the magnetic resonance imaging reports of a cohort of SCD patients who were prescribed CTX for either primary or secondary stroke prophylaxis. Seventeen patients with Hb SS were included (mean age 15 years, mean follow-up 4.3 years). Eight patients were on CTX for primary prophylaxis. New SI occurred in 17.6% of patients corresponding to an SI rate of 5.42 per 100 patient-years. Vasculopathy of the cerebral arteries was present in 65% of patients and progressed in 63% of these patients. Those who developed progressive vasculopathy were on CTX for an average of 8 years before lesions progressed. Patients on CTX for secondary prophylaxis had more SIs and evidence of progressive vascular disease than patients on CTX for primary prophylaxis. We conclude that adherence to CTX does not necessarily prevent SI or halt cerebral vasculopathy progression, especially in those with a history of overt stroke.

organisation: Stanford University School of Medicine

DOI: 10.1002/ajh.21901

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