• Join Today!

Become a member and connect with:

  • An Active Online Community
  • Articles and Advice on SCD
  • Help Understanding Clinical Trials
scientific articles

Beliefs about hydroxyurea in youth with sickle cell disease

key information

source: Hematology/oncology and stem cell therapy

year: 2018

authors: Badawy SM, Thompson AA, Liem RI


Hydroxyurea reduces complications and improves health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, however adherence remains suboptimal. Understanding patients’ views of hydroxyurea is critical to optimize adherence, particularly in adolescents and young adults (AYA). Study objectives were to assess beliefs about hydroxyurea using the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ), and to examine the relationship of patients’ beliefs to their hydroxyurea adherence and HRQOL.

Thirty-four AYA with SCD participated in a cross-sectional study January-December 2015. Study assessments included BMQ to examine beliefs about hydroxyurea; Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to assess hydroxyurea adherence; and Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) to evaluate HRQOL.

Participants (41% female, 91% Black) had median age of 13.5 (IQR 12-18) years. Participants’ concerns about overuse of medications correlated with concerns about hydroxyurea (rs = 0.36, p = 0.04) and overall harm of medications (rs = 0.5, p = 0.003). Participants’ age positively correlated with the necessity of hydroxyurea (rs = 0.45, p = 0.007). Participants’ concerns about hydroxyurea and overuse of medications positively correlated with anxiety (rs = 0.41, p = 0.02; rs = 0.44, p = 0.01) and depression (rs = 0.37, p = 0.04; rs = 0.54, p = 0.001), but inversely correlated with peer relationships (rs = -0.45, p = 0.03; rs = -0.44, p = 0.03), respectively, suggesting better HRQOL with concerns. Fifty percent of participants reported low hydroxyurea adherence (VAS < 80%), which was more seen in patients with higher concerns about hydroxyurea (p = 0.02).

Beliefs about hydroxyurea correlated with HRQOL scores and adherence levels. Addressing patients’ concern about hydroxyurea and medications overall as well as routine assessment of adherence and beliefs could help to overcome adherence barriers.

organization: Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA; Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, USA; Zagazig University Faculty of Medicine, Egypt

DOI: 10.1016/j.hemonc.2018.01.001

read more full text source

To improve your experience on this site, we use cookies. This includes cookies essential for the basic functioning of our website, cookies for analytics purposes, and cookies enabling us to personalize site content. By clicking on 'Accept' or any content on this site, you agree that cookies can be placed. You may adjust your browser's cookie settings to suit your preferences. More information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.